Laryngoscopy is an endoscopic procedure done by a doctor to visualize a patient’s larynx with the help of an instrument called laryngoscope. Being a form of endoscopy, laryngoscopy can be very uncomfortable for the patient and hence it’s important that the procedure is done quickly, precisely and cautiously. Therefore, use of high quality laryngoscopes like Storz laryngoscope is recommended.
The history of laryngoscopy dates back to 1794 and since then it has been one of the most popular procedure done by physicians and surgeons in a typical hospital setup.
Applications of Laryngoscopy
Laryngoscopy has a wide array of applications, as follows:
- It is a lifesaving procedure routinely done by an Emergency Medicine doctor while performing cardiopulmonary resuscitation.
- It is routinely performed in ICUs by Critical Care specialists or by anesthesiologists while performing tracheal intubation to facilitate ventilation of lungs in a critically ill patient.
- It is performed in operation theaters by anesthesiologists to perform tracheal intubation in order to administer anesthetic drugs like Sevoflurane, Isoflurane and Nitrous Oxide among many others.
- It is performed by ENT surgeons while they perform surgeries pertaining to larynx, trachea and associated structures.
- It is a popular diagnostic test performed by otorhinolaryngologist to detect problems related to voice, breathing & swallowing and for pain of ear, nose and throat.
Types of Laryngoscopy
Laryngoscopy can be divided broadly into 3 categories based on the type of laryngoscope used:
- Direct Laryngoscopy
- Indirect Laryngoscopy
- Fiber Optic Laryngoscopy
Laryngoscopes and their types
Laryngoscopes are endoscopic instruments used to perform laryngoscopy in order to get a direct or indirect view of larynx and associated structures like vocal cord and glottis. Since, laryngoscopy can cause a lot of pain and discomfort to the patient hence, use of high quality laryngoscopes like a Storz laryngoscope is recommended.